Amplitude-Selective Filtering for Remote-PPG

Biometric signatures of remote photoplethysmography (rPPG), including the pulse-induced characteristic color absorptions and pulse frequency range, have been used to design robust algorithms for extracting the pulse-signal from a video. In this paper, we look into a new biometric signature, i.e., the relative pulsatile amplitude, and use it to design a very effective yet computationally low-cost filtering method for rPPG, namely “Amplitude-Selective Filtering” (ASF). Based on the observation that the human relative pulsatile amplitude varies in a specific lower range as a function of RGB channels, our basic idea is using the spectral amplitude of, e.g., the R-channel, to select the RGB frequency components inside the assumed pulsatile amplitude-range for pulse extraction. Similar to Band-Pass Filtering (BPF), the proposed ASF can be applied to a broad range of rPPG algorithms to pre-process the RGB-signals before extracting the pulse. The benchmark in challenging fitness use-cases shows that applying ASF (ASF+BPF) as a pre-processing step brings significant and consistent improvements to all multi-channel pulse extraction methods. It improves different (multi-wavelength) rPPG algorithms to the extent where quality differences between the individual approaches almost disappear. The novelty of the proposed method is its simplicity and effectiveness in providing a solution for the extremely challenging application of rPPG to a fitness setting. The proposed method is easy to understand, simple to implement, and low-cost in running. It is the first time that the physiological property of pulsatile amplitude is used as a biometric signature for generic signal filtering.