Multi-Camera Infrared Thermography for Infant Respiration Monitoring

Respiration is monitored in neonatal wards using chest impedance (CI), which is obtrusive and can cause skin damage to the infants. Therefore, unobtrusive solutions based on infrared thermography are being investigated. This work proposes an algorithm to merge multiple thermal camera views and automatically detect the pixels containing respiration motion or flow using three features. The method was tested on 152 minutes of recordings acquired on seven infants. We performed a comparison with the CI respiration rate yielding a mean absolute error equal to 2.07 breaths/min. Merging the three features resulted in reducing the dependency on the window size typical of spectrum-based features.