Towards Efficient Code Generation for Exposed Datapath Architectures

Coarse-grained reconfigurable architectures and other exposed datapath architectures such as transport-triggered architectures come with a high energy efficiency promise for accelerating data oriented workloads. Their main drawback results from the push of complexity from the architecture to the programmer; compiler techniques that allow starting from a higher-level programming language and generate code efficiently to such architectures robustly is still an open research area. In this article we survey the known main sources of challenges and outline a generic processor architecture template that covers the most common architecture variations along with a proposal for a common code generation framework for such challenging architectures.